Options and transition after school

Options after school


Colleges offer a range of academic, vocational, technical and professional courses. Further Education Colleges are attended by people of all ages from 16, although most students are between 16 and 18 years old.

Some colleges are very large, with several sites or campuses and some are specialist, such as those offering agricultural or marine courses.

Further Education Colleges offer courses at every level from entry level courses that do not require GCSE grades at entry through to higher level qualifications and degree courses.

Sixth form

Sixth form refers to school years 12 and 13. Many schools offer a sixth form but there are also sixth form colleges. These offer courses which are designed to follow on from your GCSEs (link opens in a new window).


An apprenticeship is a job, with hands-on experience, a salary and the chance to train while you work. Some of your time is spent in off the job training, often at a college or with a training provider.

Find out more about apprenticeships 

Find out more about becoming an apprentice 


A traineeship is an education and training programme which incorporates work experience, preparing young people for their future careers by helping them to become ‘work ready’.

A traineeship has three core elements:

  • Work experience placement with an employer.
  • Work preparation training, provided by the training organisation.
  • English and maths support, if required, provided by the training organisation.

Traineeships last anything up to a maximum of 6 months with the content tailored to the needs of the business and the individual.

Employers are not required to pay trainees for the work placement and traineeships are exempt from the Minimum Wage. Young people taking part in traineeships will be undertaking education and training and some may qualify for financial support, including the 16-19 Bursary Fund.

Find out more about traineeships 

Supported internships

Supported internships are a structured study programme based primarily at an employer. They enable young people aged 16-24 with an Education, Health and Care plan to achieve sustainable paid employment by equipping them with the skills they need for work, through learning in the workplace. Supported internships are unpaid, and last for a minimum of six months.

Wherever possible, they support the young person to move into paid employment at the end of the programme. Alongside their time at the employer, young people complete a personalised study programme which includes the chance to study for relevant substantial qualifications, if appropriate, and English and Maths.

Find out more about supported internships 


Volunteering is described as an unpaid activity where someone gives their time to help a not-for-profit organisation or an individual who they are not related to. Benefits include making new friends, expanding your network, boosting your social skills and developing new skills.


Employment is a paid work agreement between an employer and an employee. The term employee applies to a person who is hired for a salary or fee to perform work for an employer.

Looking for work 

Looking for work if you’re disabled 

Looking for work can be hard, but it can be even trickier if you have additional needs.  When you’re looking for work, look on adverts and application forms for the ‘disability confident’ symbol.

This symbol means:

  • the employer is committed to employing disabled people.
  • you’ll be guaranteed an interview if you meet the basic conditions for the job

Find out more about looking for work if you’re disabled

Support to Work

Support to Work is a free online and telephone support programme for disabled people in England and Wales, who are looking for paid work. 

Find out more about Support to Work

The following websites provide support and resources for disabled people looking for work.

Careers with Disabilities

Disability Jobsite

Support at work

Reasonable Adjustments

Employers must make reasonable adjustments (appropriate changes) to make sure workers with disabilities, or physical or mental health conditions, are not substantially disadvantaged when doing their jobs.
This applies to all workers, including trainees, apprentices, contract workers and business partners. 

Find out more about reasonable adjustments

Access to work

If you are disabled or have a physical or mental health condition that makes it hard for you to do your job, even after reasonable adjustments have been made, you can get extra help from Access to Work. 

Find out more about Access to work

Further Information 

Get The Jump is a campaign from the National Careers Service to help young people aged 14-19 understand their education and training choices.

Skills 4 Worcestershire have produced a 'Life Beyond School- Choices Booklet' for young people with SEND. 

This is a careers and advice booklet that will help young people to understand the range of career choices and opportunities available to them across Worcestershire.

Preparing for Adulthood- Routes into Work Guide 
This guide provides information about options for young people with SEND to help them move into paid employment. 

Ambitious about Autism have produced a toolkit to support autistic young people into employment, further education or training. The toolkit is free to download and includes lots of editable forms and templates.

If you are unsure which of these options is right for you, contact our Young Persons Advisors on the contact details below. They will be able to offer you further information and support to help you make a decision that is right for you. 



Planning for Post 16: choosing an education provider

Download the Planning for Post 16: choosing an education provider leaflet

Contact us

Contact SENDIASS to talk to one of our advisers:

Please ensure that you contact the office of the county in which you live.